Osmond Woods Dies

first_imgThe death is announced of Mr. Osmund L. Woods, Sr., which sad event occurred in New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America, on May 28, 2016. He was in his 76th year.Osmund was born September 29, 1940 in the City of Monrovia unto the union of Eshmere Tyson Woods and Viola Elfreda-Scott Woods. Osmond was the second of six boys.His mother being a housewife and his father a school teacher in the Lutheran School System, Osmund and his brothers began their education at home with their parents up to the 6th grade when their father was assigned to the Zorzor Lutheran School. In 1947, his father obtained a job with the LiberianGovernment School System, which provided him the opportunity to establish the Ziggida Public School. This was the first school in all of Western Province, now Lofa County.Osmund and his elder brother, Dr. Emile T. Woods (deceased), accompanied their father to Ziggida and were enrolled in the school where their father served as principal. It was in Ziggida that the Woods brothers met and befriended John Togbakollie, who had been recruited by their father, Tyson Woods, to attend the school in Ziggida. Mr. Woods was mandated by the government of President William V.S. Tubman to recruit at least four boys from each District to attend the school. The Woods brothers soon became attracted to John Togbakollie, who was a bright student. Mr. Woods later transferred several of the students, including his sons and John, to Zorzor to continue their elementary education. At a certain point, Mr. Woods told John that the Woods brothers were being sent to Monrovia to attend the College of West Africa (CWA). Mr. Woods asked John if he wanted to go to Monrovia along with Emile and Osmond, to attend CWA. Said Mr. Woods to John, “If you stay here in Zorzor, you will complete 8th grade, but that is as far as you will be able to go, and you might return to your village, remain a village boy, and you may forget what you have learned so far.Kenneth Y. Best, in his book on Albert Porte, quoted John as saying, “It was an offer I could not refuse.” John gratefully accepted Mr. Woods’ offer and he and the Woods brothers traveled to Monrovia and enrolled at CWA. Emile, the eldest, graduated from CWA along with a young lady called Ellen Johnson (later Sirleaf) in 1955. John graduated from CWA in 1960, classmate of Thelma Traub Awori, Liberian Consul General in Kampala, Uganda.Osmond graduated with a high school diploma from CWA in 1962. The following year Osmund entered the University of Liberia where he studied Business Management. He served as a cadet to the late Associate Justice Ephraim Smallwood. In his senior year he left the university to obtain a full time job with the Department of the Treasury, now Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, in the Electronic Data Processing Department. In 1966 Osmund married Ms. Anna Swarray, and their union was blessed with several children—Osmund L (Beever) II, Jim, Leana, Eshmere Tyson, Ann-Marie and Vera. Mr. Osmund Woods is survived by two of his brothers, John Togbakollie Woods and Amahrue N. Woods, Snr. and three sisters- Clarice Karloweah, Lady Van, Evangeline Woods and Ophelia Woods, a host of grandchildren, nieces, nephews and cousins. A memorial service is scheduled to be held in Monrovia simultaneously with his funeral services in New Haven, Connecticut, USA on June 17, 2016. A family meeting in Monrovia will be announced later. Friends and sympathizers may contact John T. Woods or Clarice Kaloweah at # 0886564070, or 0770564070, for further information.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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‘We’ll Shine the Light in Darkness’

first_imgSenator Darious Dillon cautions young people against the use of illegal drugs.— Says Senator Dillon Montserrado County Senator Abraham Darius Dillon has promised to continuously shine a light on Capitol Hill (Senate) when it comes to preaching and practicing good governance.Dillon spoke at a one-day national youth policy dialogue on youth and drugs, said “We will shine light in the darkness when it comes to good governance as a country and people. We want to correct the ills in government for the betterment of our country and our people.”The dialogue which brought together some senior officers of the Liberia National Police (LNP), a cross-section of students, representatives from civil society organizations (CSOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs), was organized by NAYMOTE Partners for Democratic Development n December 5, 2019, in Monrovia.The one day dialogue was part of NAYMOTE’s several initiatives conducted to address some of the ills that exist among young people. In one of the sessions, Senator Dillion told participants that one of the lights he wants to shine on Capitol Hill is to focus on accountability, transparency, and the high level of dishonesty that he said existed over the years among his colleagues.“My being in the senate is to constructively disrupt all the so-called normal things that are around, but are hurting this country,” he said.Senator Dillon said public service should be about service to the people and country, not to serve for personal gain that would fill the pocket.“We are committed to you that we will fight to change things, but we also need your support. If things must change, you young people must distinguish yourself from those, who do not want to see a change in the positive direction,” he said.He said as per the dialogue, his office has decided to focus on the less fortunate, who he said are “vulnerable citizens,” whose mental directions are being consumed by illegal substances.Senator Dillion said that the group of young people that are commonly referred to as Zogos, do not need to be Zogos, “but because they have subjected themselves to suffering in any form.”“Old people in their retired age have no sense of economic security; they are also considered vulnerable,” he said.Dillion: “Our focus is on the disadvantaged, the wayward, challenged and the neglected, because the issue of the illegal substance abuse in the country has become a national threat to society. If we do not do anything to ensure that these groups of young people be taken care of, the society will soon out-grow the number of persons that would not have the capacity to develop the country.”He observed that a segment of the society is becoming a growing national security threat to the future generation.“When people have no capacity at all; they will think that the only thing they can do is to please themselves through the use of illegal drugs, as their everyday activity.”He said it is troubling, especially when people do not have any human capacity to develop themselves. He recalled that as a result of the country’s civil war, the first thing one thought of doing was to silence the guns, and then go to elections so that we can elect politicians our leaders.“Our focus in 1997 was only to take guns from the fighters, and go to elections, and ones the elected officials take office, then all would have been well with us; but we forgot that part of our young population, who had fallen prey to the illegal drugs were to be rehabilitated.”According to him, the past government forgot to know that they needed to rehabilitate those using illegal substances, reintegrated these group of people into society properly because they were traumatized.“So, by the closing of the war, it was estimated that people in that category that had fought the war included child soldiers, they were put across at ten to fifteen thousand ex-combatants but we neglected them, for too long no one cared about them.” He also recalled that during the 12 years of former President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, there were no national programs to rehabilitate, reform and make them productive citizens in the society to diminish the number of the growth without development.Eddie Jarwolo, Executive Director, NAYMOTE, told participants that National Policy Dialogue on Youth and Drugs iss important because it will create the necessary awareness through engagements and focusing on the youth who are said to be more involved.Mr Jarwolo said nowadays the use of illegal drugs has become something serious and uncontrollable in society. Something he believed can only be addressed through these dialogues. We hope that this project could be held across the 15 counties to provide more opportunities for the community to get involved and lead.Samuel G. Ford, Assistant Commissioner of Police for Community Service, described NAYMOTE’s initiatives as cardinal to the fight against the used of substance. in a powerpoint presentation, Mr Ford said the dialogue was also good for young people to understand the sad effect drugs have in the body. He encouraged young people to be ambassadors in their various communities to ensure that this it stops.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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Senate passes Democratic budget plan

first_imgWASHINGTON – The Senate approved a Democratic budget plan Friday that promises a balanced budget in five years by mixing spending increases with partial renewal of expiring tax cuts. The $2.9 trillion budget outline won approval on a 52-47 vote, but only after Democratic moderates rewrote it to favor extending several popular tax cuts that are to expire at the end of the decade. The most immediate impact would be to sanction big spending increases when lawmakers later this year write budget bills for the Pentagon and domestic Cabinet agencies. The vote was a victory for Senate leaders who viewed passing a budget as a key sign of Democrats’ ability to govern. The vote was mostly along party lines, though two Republicans joined the Democrats in backing the plan, Sens. Olympia Snowe and Susan Collins of Maine. Congress failed to pass a budget last year, and Democrats didn’t even bring one to the floor when controlling the Senate in 2002. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! The Democratic blueprint is nonbinding but sets guidelines for follow-up legislation. It also would require that lawmakers seeking to cut taxes or boost benefit programs – such as Medicare, children’s health care or farm subsidies – to “pay for” the changes with tax increases or offsetting spending cuts. The budget suffers, however, from some of the same flaws Democrats see in Bush’s February budget plan. Like Bush, the Democrats left out funding for the long-term costs of the war in Iraq and for fixing the alternative minimum tax that threatens unsuspecting middle-class families.last_img read more

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MURRAY SUBMITS MOTION ASKING FOR ELECTION JOBS TO BE ADVERTISED

first_imgInishowen Sinn Féin councillor Jack Murray has submitted a motion for debate at Monday’s council meeting which calls for widespread advertising, including in social welfare offices, of election job opportunities.Cllr Murray said: “Hundreds of people are employed in Donegal during every election for duties such as issuing ballot papers and counting votes. However many people are unaware that they can apply for these positions or how to do so.“With such widespread unemployment in Donegal and with so many people who are very capable of such work seeking employment, it is common sense that these positions should be more widely advertised. “I am hopeful that this motion will be successful and that more people will have the opportunity of securing these positions during the election in May.”The motion reads: That Donegal County Council requests that all positions which are to be recruited to staff election day, such as election booths and the count centre, are advertised as widely as possible, including in social welfare offices. MURRAY SUBMITS MOTION ASKING FOR ELECTION JOBS TO BE ADVERTISED was last modified: March 25th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:election jobsJack Murraylast_img read more

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HUGE CROWD EXPECTED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE 3RD ANNUAL DARREN MILLS MEMORIAL RUN

first_imgProud moment for last year’s winner Aidan Mills as he crosses the line. Aidan is the younger brother of the late Darren Mills who passed away in 2010.Another huge crowd is expected to participate in the 3rd Annual Darren Mills Memorial run on Boxing day.It’s that time of the year again when everybody around the Kincasslagh area dusts down the running and walking shoes to try and emulate Ciaran Doherty, Pat Anthony and all the other great athletes from the locality at the 3rd Annual Darren Mills Memorial Run. Following on from hugely successful events in 2012 and 2013, the organising committee are again hoping that the local community – and beyond – comes out in force to commemorate the life of Darren who tragically lost his life back in 2010.In addition to remembering Darren, the event allows for much needed funds to be gathered for two deserving local charities. This year’s beneficiaries will be the school where Darren received his childhood education, Belcruit National School, and the North West Cancer Group who facilitate the provision of a subsidised airfare for family members of people who are having to travel to Dublin to undergo treatment for cancer and related problems.Since the first event on Boxing Day 2012, over €5000 has been handed over to local charities, namely the Dungloe Hospital Patient’s Comfort Fund, the Donegal Hospice and the Day-Centre at the Angle in Dungloe.Entry on the day is by donation to ensure the event is open and affordable to all-comers.This year to facilitate those with younger children or who feel they may not manage the full 6k route, this year a shorter 1.25k walking route which follows a loop around by St.Mary’s Chapel and Belcruit N.S has been added. All those who donate/register on the day will be entered into the mega prize draw which will be held after the run/walk in Carey’s Viking House.Registration will take place in the Viking from 1pm with the run/walk starting at 2:30pm.So get those running/walking shoes dusted down and come join in the fun with all the family on Boxing Day.Do it for the craic. Do it for charity. Do it for Darren.For further information please see the Darren Mills Memorial Run/Walk page on facebook. https://www.facebook.com/DarrenMillsMemorialRunWalkCruitIsland HUGE CROWD EXPECTED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE 3RD ANNUAL DARREN MILLS MEMORIAL RUN was last modified: December 16th, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:5kBoxing DayDarren Mills Memorial RunFeaturesnewsNoticesSportlast_img read more

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Gardai catch Donegal motorist speeding at 137kph

first_imgGardai of the Letterkenny Traffic Unit stopped a driver travelling at extreme speeds of 137km/hr.The vehicle (pictured above) was detected last night on the N13 Letterkenny/ Derry Rd, which is a 100kph zone.Four speeding offences were detected at the speed checkpoint on the busy road and gardai have issued the offenders with fines. Elsewhere in Buncrana, gardai have seized a car which was in breach of multiple regulations in the Road Traffic Act.A learner driver was caught behind the wheel of a black Ford car without L plates or insurance.The driver was fined and will now face a court summons.Car seized by Buncrana Gardaí. No Insurance and Learner Permit holder had No L plates. Fined and a summonses to follow pic.twitter.com/OmDxzLGgoD— An Garda Síochána (@GardaTraffic) August 30, 2017 Gardai catch Donegal motorist speeding at 137kph was last modified: August 30th, 2017 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:buncranagarda trafficletterkennyroad traffic actspeedinglast_img read more

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Groves: I’ll bounce back and be champion

first_imgAn emotional George Groves insisted he would be bounce back from his controversial stoppage against Carl Froch and become a world champion.Hammersmith’s previously unbeaten super-middleweight was on the verge of glory after flooring the notoriously durable Froch in the first round.He continued to have the upper hand only for referee Howard Foster to step in and stop the contest as Froch attacked a flagging Groves in round nine.It meant Froch retained his WBA and IBF belts and Groves, booed into the ring after his outspoken pre-fight comments, was cheered by the 20,000 crowd in Manchester who felt he was on his way to victory when Foster intervened.“I beat him with my hand speed and I beat him with a lot of other things as well,” said Groves.“Froch is a tough man. I knew that. I knocked him down in the first round and knew the job wasn’t done, but I knew that with each round I beat him he would get more and more reckless.“That’s what he was in that ninth round – he was reckless. He was coming in with shift-arm shots that, if they land they can buzz you and if they don’t land they can scuff you and knock you off balance.“I knew I was fine. I had three or four rounds left if need be to just carry on controlling and dominating Carl Froch and I’d be sitting here with two [world championship] belts.”The Groves camp want an immediate rematch and Eddie Hearn, who promotes both fighters, has suggested the pair will lock horns again.And the 25-year-old, an underdog going into the fight, believes he proved he belongs at world level.Groves said: “Carl before this fight said it had come too early for me and that a lot of people said that as well. Do I belong at this level? I think I answered that question.“Name any opponent and say ‘This is your next fight’ and I’ll take it. I’ll fight anyone. I know I’m ready to.“I’ll make adjustments – I always do – and I’ll be back fitter, stronger and better.“There’s a few things I feel aggrieved about right now, but I’ll get back in the gym and I’ll come back and be world champion.”See also:Heartbreak for Groves in world title clashFroch insists ref was right to stop fightFroch claims Groves rejected rematch offerPromoter predicts Froch-Groves rematchGroves’ trainer reveals he had reservations about fight refereeGutted Groves says he proved he belongs at the top levelFroch ordered to face Groves in rematchGroves to face Froch in rematch on 31 MayFroch-Groves rematch will be at WembleyGroves vows to avenge ‘stonewall robbery’Groves: My left hook will finish 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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How tactical freedom and confidence from no longer being on loan has made Mateo Kovacic an important player for Chelsea again

first_imgThere were huge expectations when Mateo Kovacic joined Chelsea on loan from Real Madrid last summer. The Croatian star had just come off an impressive World Cup showing, helping his nation to the tournament’s final and, with Maurizio Sarri coming in to replace Antonio Conte, it should have been a match made in heaven.Sadly, Kovacic failed to reach his potential under Sarri as he would record just two assists and zero goals from his 32 Premier League appearances.It was nothing short of disappointing and there were doubts when the Blues decided to fork out £45 million to keep him at Stamford Bridge. Of course, it made a lot of sense for a team facing a transfer ban to sign the only player they really could, so it was certainly understandable. But fans could have been forgiven for not having much optimism where the midfielder was concerned.© Tim Goode/PA WireDespite his poor overall output, it was clear that the Blues had a talent on their hands. Often times, fans watching games from home would confuse Kovacic with Eden Hazard as he moved and drove at opposition very similarly to the Belgian. But at times, it appeared that the position he was deployed in just didn’t suit him. Sarri fell out with lots of Blues fans over the very issue. The more defensive-minded N’Golo Kante was shifted to the right side of a three-man midfield, leaving Jorginho to fend for himself in the middle of the park while Kovacic was thrust out to the left.With Kante recovering from an injury all summer, though, the Croatian partnered up with Jorginho in the middle of a 4-2-3-1 and looked rather positive during pre-season and the first few games of the current campaign.His last outing against Norwich saw him shifted to the right side of a 4-3-3, with new boss Frank Lampard opting to revert to last season’s formation to cope with the absence of Kante, who recovered in time to start the season for the Blues but wasn’t fit enough to face the Canaries last weekend.The free role on the right side saw Kovacic put in one of the best performances he’s had since joining Chelsea and he was a key factor as they stole all three points in a 3-2 victory at Carrow Road. The 25-year-old completed six successful take-ons and he proved a menace to the Norwich defence all game. He also showed what he could do defensively and a tackle in the second half that saw the Blues spring off on a counter brought on an effusive applaud from the fans.The midfielder’s ability to pick the ball up and drive at opposition defenses is what fans enjoy most and he’s credited Lampard instilling confidence in him, as well as the feeling of being a permanent player no longer on loan for his revival.A finish in a spot that would have them compete in Europe next season would be satisfactory for most Blues fans, given the circumstances and William Hill has odds of 16/8 on the side ending the 2019/20 season in the Premier League’s top four. Fans who are new to betting could find a full list of online bookmakers sports promotion UK at The Bookies.co.uk.Bet365 is offering 4/9 odds on Chelsea finishing in the top six and if you’re confident Lampard’s influence could see to it that Kovacic is named the PFA Player’s Player of the Year at the end of the season, then Skybet has a sweet 80/1 deal on just that. There’s certainly no expectation on the Croatian winning the Golden Boot but if you reckon there’s a Chelsea player who can, then why not have a go at Tammy Abraham at 50/1 with 888sport? Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebookby Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksRecommended for youAspireAbove.comRemember Pauley Perrette? Try Not To Smile When You See Her NowAspireAbove.comUndoLifestly.com25 Celebs You Didn’t Realize Are Gay – No. 8 Will Surprise WomenLifestly.comUndoUsed Cars | Search AdsUsed Cars in Tuen Mun Might Be Cheaper Than You ThinkUsed Cars | Search AdsUndoTopCars15 Ugliest Cars Ever MadeTopCarsUndoHappyTricks.comHer House Always Smells Amazing – Try her Unique Trick!HappyTricks.comUndoFood World Magazine15 Fruits that Burn Fat Like CrazyFood World MagazineUndoezzin.com20 Breathtaking Places to See Before You Dieezzin.comUndoDrhealth35 Foods That Should Never Be Placed in the RefrigeratorDrhealthUndolast_img read more

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Source: Antonio Brown will be an Oakland Raider

first_imgClick HERE if you’re unable to view the gallery on your mobile device.Antonio Brown will be an Oakland Raider.Brown posted two pictures on his Instagram account late Saturday night, one of him in a Raiders jersey and one of him with Raiders quarterback Derek Carr at the Pro Bowl with the caption, “Love at first Sight.”A source confirmed the Raiders acquired Brown from the Steelers in a blockbuster trade that gives quarterback Derek Carr a No. 1 target he badly needed.last_img

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Epigenetics: the 21st-Century Scientific Revolution

first_imgIf genetics was the 20th century’s major scientific revolution, epigenetics appears to be the big revolution for the 21st.Epigenetics refers to codes, processes and functions “above” genetics, that control and regulate the genetic code: a “code above the code,” as it were.  Unlike a simple DNA strand, the epigenetic code has a multitude of players that scientists are still struggling to understand.  For a good introduction, watch this 12-minute video on YouTube; for more depth, read the book The Mysterious Epigenome: What Lies Beyond DNA by Woodward and Gills (available from the C.S. Lewis Society and  Amazon.com).One thing is becoming clear; DNA is just a bit player in a much vaster array of information.  The big story now is what controls and regulates the DNA.  Many things in the nucleus once considered “junk” are turning out to be the stars of the show.  In addition, the findings are becoming more and more difficult to explain by neo-Darwinian mechanisms.  Even more startling, epigenetics is undermining some key Darwinian principles.The sheer number of news articles on epigenetics prevents in-depth coverage of any one, but what follows is a sampling of exciting finds in this vast, rich field of research.Aging and epigenetics:  Let’s begin with one close to home: aging.  “Epigenomes of Newborns and Centenarians Differ: New Clues to Increasing Life Span,” announced Science Daily in bold red type, alongside a photo of a grandfather holding an infant.  A new study shows defects due to mutations not just to genetic code base pairs, but to some of the epigenetic marks like methyl tags that help switch genes on and off.  “The results show that the centenarian presents a distorted epigenome that has lost many switches (methyl chemical group), put in charge of inappropriate gene expression and, instead, turn off the switch of some protective genes.”  Understanding these epigenomic processes will, obviously, be vital to improving the health and longevity of every human who gets older.Micro-RNA regulators of regulators:  Nature (June 28) reported that two enzymes “autoregulate” the production of micro-RNA’s (miRNA) which, in turn, regulate gene expression in many pathways (Zisoulis et al, Nature 486, pp. 541-544, doi:10.1038/nature11134).  This discovery is “expanding the functions of the miRNA pathway in gene regulation,” they said.Make space for the non-junk:   “The myth of junk DNA” continues to get exposed.  New Scientist reported that mouse “junk DNA” is vital for gene regulation.  Hannah Krakauer’s opening sentence gives the gist of the article: “Some junk is worth keeping. Non-coding, or junk, mouse DNA contains vast amounts of information vital to gene function – and those regulatory functions take up much more space on the genome than the all-important coding segments.”Master regulator:  PhysOrg‘s article title summarizes the message: “Forty’s a crowd: Study shows that master regulator protein brings plethora of coactivators to gene expression sites.”  After a discussion of a “behemoth” protein named Mediator, this paragraph was notable:Researchers know that all DNA-binding factors partner with other proteins to switch genes on or off. What is remarkable here is their sheer number. “It would be very interesting to find out whether this is the norm,” says Ron Conaway. “This work raises a ton of little questions about mechanism.”Epigenetic disease:  If diseases can be genetic in origin, so can it be egigenetic in origin.  Science Daily wrote that epigenetics alters genes implicated in rheumatoid arthritis.  “It’s not just our DNA that makes us susceptible to disease and influences its impact and outcome,” the article began.  “Scientists are beginning to realize more and more that important changes in genes that are unrelated to changes in the DNA sequence itself — a field of study known as epigenetics — are equally influential.”Epigenomes and cancer:  One more example of the growing interest in epigenetics over plain old genetics is seen in an article in Science, “Genetic Events That Shape the Cancer Epigenome” by Ryan and Bernstein (Science, 22 June 2012: Vol. 336 no. 6088 pp. 1513-1514, DOI: 10.1126/science.1223730).  Sure enough, “there is increasing recognition that transmissible epigenetic changes—chemical modifications to the genome or its scaffold that do not involve a change in the nucleotide sequence—may be acquired de novo, and that these “epimutations” may also contribute to carcinogenesis.”  Scientists would not have understood this had they not looked above and beyond the genome into the epigenome.  The Greek prefix “epi-” (above) appears poised to latch onto a number of old genetic vocabulary words.Grammar and syntax, form and function:  Remember the phrase, “The Human Genome”?  It sounds almost quaint in hindsight.  Not much more than a decade ago, scientists thought mapping the DNA letters would help us understand health, disease, and human evolution.  The new term, according to Science Daily, is The Functional Genome – beyond mere base-pairing.  Starting with the mouse genome, scientists are trying to understand the paragraphs and superstructure within the genetic code, a language above the code itself.  So far, they figure they only understand 11% of the mouse functional genome.  Non-coding “cis-regulatory elements,” for instance (once considered junk), regulate adjacent DNA, the article explained.Popularly dubbed “the book of life,” the human genome is extraordinarily difficult to read. But without full knowledge of its grammar and syntax, the genome’s 2.9 billion base-pairs of adenine and thymine, cytosine and guanine provide limited insights into humanity’s underlying genetics….As expected, the researchers identified different sequences that promote or start gene activity, enhance its activity and define where it occurs in the body during development. More surprising, said Ren, was that the structural organization of the cis-regulatory elements are grouped into discrete clusters corresponding to spatial domains. “It’s a case of form following function,” he said. “It makes sense.”Good interference creates epigenetic memory:  Why would some RNA transcripts interfere with others?  It’s all part of a regulatory dance, scientists are finding out.  Now, a new role for RNA interference (RNAi) was announced on PhysOrg: recognizing and silencing foreign DNA, such as strands introduced by viruses.  It’s heritable, too:  “Once identified, an ‘epigenetic memory’ of the foreign DNA fragments is created and can be passed on from one generation to the next, permanently silencing the gene.”  This has an eerie echo of Lamarckian “inheritance of acquired characteristics.”Once the DNA is identified as foreign and silenced, an epigenetic memory is created that silences the foreign gene from one generation to the next. While the inheritance of this memory requires further exploration, the authors showed that successive generations of C. elegans are unable to express the foreign DNA even if the corresponding piRNA is absent.A vaster landscape:  Geneticists used to speak of the “genetic landscape” but now there’s a vaster field: the “epigenetic landscape.”  James Ferrell discussed this concept in his review, “Bistability, Bifurcations, and Waddington’s Epigenetic Landscape” in Current Biology (Volume 22, Issue 11, R458-R466, 5 June 2012), saying, “Waddington’s epigenetic landscape is probably the most famous and most powerful metaphor in developmental biology.”  His rather lengthy review did not contain any of the following words: Darwin, phylogeny, evolution.In the book The Mysterious Epigenome: What Lies Beyond DNA mentioned above, Woodward and Gills describe in verbal animation what it would be like to ride a sci-fi ship into the nucleus of a cell and watch gene regulation at work.  Their second-to-last chapter, “An Infinitely More Complex Genome,” is like a 4th of July Grand Finale – a rapid-fire series of new discoveries and possibilities that portend a golden age of research in the years ahead, described in vivid metaphors like air traffic control, overlapping messages, codes here there and everywhere, and functional treasure in the “junk”yard.Two practical effects of the Epigenetic Revolution will be: (1) a realization that we are not slaves of our DNA, but that with healthy lifestyle changes, we can control the expression of genes (for instance, a vigorous workout at the gym makes observable effects on gene regulatory tags); (2) increasing pressure against Darwinism.  The realization is growing that there is far more functional information in the cell than neo-Darwinists ever imagined.  If the genetic code was a challenge to explain by undirected processes operating stepwise by natural selection, what will be the reaction to codes upon codes, master regulators of other regulators, and millions of molecules performing a living symphony?Got irreducible complexity?  Here, Charlie.  Come and look what we brought you: a little gift for your ailing stomach.Dr. Thomas Woodward,* a Christian theology professor, historian of science and president of the C. S. Lewis Society in Tampa, Florida, feels justifiably excited to see this vast new panorama of epigenetics as vindication par excellence for the Biblical world view.  Not only that, he and co-author Dr. James P. Gills, a world-renowned ophthalmologist and modern pioneer of cataract surgery, see that world view in light of these discoveries contributing to human health: a new way to cultivate a spirit of wellness.  This is not surprising, since Jesus said that a good tree produces good fruit (Matthew 7:17), and both ends of the Bible describe the Tree of Life that God planted.Exercise: What kind of fruit has Darwin’s “tree of life” produced lately?  Here’s a few possibilities to get you started: storytelling in the name of science, the Stuff Happens law, atheism, moral relativism, pride, intellectual intolerance, eugenics, abortion, infanticide, “scientific” racism, tyranny, genocide.  Now read Matthew 7:15-20. 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